Normally, cells grow and die after a certain time. Then again the news cells forms. But when its growth becomes out of control and it gets accumulated and forms a tumor and starts spreading to other parts then it becomes cancerous. Though it is diagnosed earlier and treated with the latest technology and medications, it still kills people. Many external and internal factors reason for cancer in humans. The internal factors are genetic mutations, immune conditions, and hormones. The external factors are an unhealthy diet, infectious disease, and smoking. These factors take several years to become cancerous and very rarely diagnosed at initial stages. Let’s see here the top 5 deadliest cancers that are treated by best hospitals in india for cancer treatment.
Lung Cancer: Lung cancers are only detected at the advanced stages and most common type of cancer among men and women. Majority of patients affected with lung cancer die of these diseases. The major cause of this type of cancer is the use of tobacco products. Both men and women aged between 55 and 65 are affected by this disease. The two main types of lung cancer are small-cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. Non-small cell lung cancers are quite common whereas small cell lung cancer spreads very quickly. Based on the type and stage, lung cancers can be treated with surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy.
Colorectal Cancer: These cancers do not show any symptoms or very few symptoms. This cancer affects both men and women and they should be tested for this at the age of 50 or earlier. Initially, it begins as benign cells which are called polyps. But during the course of time, they become cancerous. This cancer is treatable with 5-year survival rates if detected at an early stage. But the patient will have to undergo colonoscopy which is imperative. The treatment depends on the stage and spread of colorectal cancer and might include surgery, chemotherapy or embolization and radiotherapy.
Breast Cancer: These types of cancer affect women to a great extent rather than men. The malignant growth of cells in the lobules or ducts of the breast causes this cancer. Only 1% of men are affected by this cancer. It is leading cancer, which kills women across the world. Because of the awareness created for breast cancer screening and the increased self-examination has helped in the early detection and the survival rates have gone up considerably. However, breast cancer treatment is quite complicated. It could be mastectomy or breast conservation. Apart from the surgery, the patients are also provided with chemotherapy or hormone therapy.
Pancreatic Cancer: The pancreas is a small finger-shaped organ found behind your stomach. It helps in digestion and also secretes insulin which controls blood sugar levels and also metabolism. It develops quickly and stealthily. It affects both men and women and the causes are obesity and the use of tobacco. Some of the symptoms are stomach pain, bleeding, biliary obstruction, ascites, etc. Various researches are going on about pancreatic cancer but still, no screening options or correct treatments are found. It is said that chemotherapy controls this cancer to some extent.
Prostate Cancer: This cancer is exclusive to men. This gland is found in men in the pelvis region nestled between the rectum and bladder. It makes the seminal fluid which is needed for the nourishment of sperm. It is an adenocarcinoma as it arises in glandular cells. These are slow-growing and people affected with it might die of heart attack or stroke without even knowing about it. Mostly it affects aged men. Treatment involves the removal of prostate, radiation therapy and brachytherapy. For asymptomatic prostate cancer, there is no treatment as of now. It’s better to discover it earlier. Visit sites like www.atlanticurologyclinics.com/conditions/prostate-cancer/ for more information on treatment.